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THE PRIMUS SOILS AND VINEYARDS

Common to all of the winery’s vineyards is a high lime content. They are divided into the Zieregg and Grassnitzberg vineyards in the Ehrenhausen local wine region, and the Zieregg and Hochgrassnitzberg sites in Slovenia. On both sides of the border, limestone and shell limestone predominate, with the exception of the Slovenian Hochgrassnitzberg Kresnica, where the clay marl Opok sets the tone in some areas.

1. Ried Grassnitzberg

The Grassnitzberg site is characterized by tertiary sea sands with a weathered shell limestone subsoil containing sandy-clayey marine deposits up to 14 million years old, known as Spielfelder Schlier. The oldest vines on this site (Traminer) are more than eighty years old and are ungrafted.

Where: in Grassnitzberg in the municipality of Spielfeld

Soil: loamy sands (marl) with shell limestone

Orientation: east-southeast

Elevation: 420 meters Slope: 35%

Varieties: Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Muscat Blanc, Traminer, Welschriesling, Pinot Blanc

Age of the Vines: 15 to 80 years (for the Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay single-site wines around 30 years, for the Traminer 80 years)

Wines: Ried Grassnitzberg Sauvignon Blanc, Ried Grassnitzberg Chardonnay, Ried Grassnitzberg Gelber Muskateller, Traminer Alte Reben (Reserve), Traminer Grassnitzberg “M“ (fermented on the mash) – Orange Wine, Gelber Muskateller Klassik, Zweigelt Klassik, Pinot Blanc Klassik, Muscat Blanc Klassik, Sauvignon Blanc Klassik, Sauvignon Blanc Brut

Grassnitzberg

 

2. Zieregg

The Zieregg vineyard is a very high exposed slope, up to 470 meters above sea level. The site is characterized by medium to deep calcareous and loamy shell limestone & coralline limestone soils, with an adequate water supply and a unique microclimate.

Where: Ehrenhausen municipality (on the border with Spielfeld)

Soil: sandy loam (marl) with shell and coralline limestone

Orientation: west-southwest

Elevation: 440 meters

Slope: 35 to 45%

Varieties: Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay

Age of the Vineyard: 20 years for the main plot

Wines: Ried Zieregg Sauvignon Blanc, Ried Zieregg Chardonnay, “TBA“ Trockenbeerenauslese Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay Ehrenhausen,

Ried Zieregg Primus Polz

 

 

3. Ciringa (Zieregg)

Where: in the Ciringa cadastral municipality, directly on the border next to the Austrian Zieregg

Soil: sandy loam with shell and coralline limestone

Orientation: southwest

Elevation: 420 meters

Slope: 42% Varieties: Sauvignon Blanc

Age of the Vines: 8 years

Wines: Sauvignon Blanc Muschelkalk

Ciringa

 

4. Kresnica (Hochgrassnitzberg)

Where: on the hill in front of the Hochgrassnitzberg, in the Kresnica cadastral municipality, in close vicinity to the border

Soil: sandy loam, Opok and shell limestone

Orientation: southwest Elevation: 420 meters

Slope: 42 to 53% Varieties: Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat Blanc, Chardonnay

Age of the Vines: 12 years Wines: Apollo Klassik (white cuvée), Sauvignon Blanc “vom Opok“

Hochgrassnitzberg